Work-related stress and social isolation mediate the association between education and depressiveness

  Mental disorders, especially depression, are responsible for high absenteeism from work and economic loss. In addition, the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and depression is well known and there is a social gradient in depression. Studies have found associations between working conditions and health as well as between socioeconomic status and psychosocial working conditions. […]

The reliability of a two-item scale: Pearson, Cronbach, or Spearman-Brown? Golden trophy for IJPH paper!

We were happy to be informed that a recent IJPH paper has been identified as a “highly cited paper ” in “Essential Science Indicators” in Web of Science, which resulted in the award of a golden trophy (virtual, I presume!) The paper is called “The reliability of a two-item scale: Pearson, Cronbach, or Spearman-Brown” and […]

HIV/AIDS knowledge among adolescents: did a prevention campaign make a difference?

Eleven percent of all HIV diagnoses reported in Europe in 2012 were in people aged 15-24. Many young people lack knowledge about HIV/AIDS modes of transmission and ways of prevention. To approach this vulnerable population Sunflower, a EU-funded project (2008-2011) was run in 9 countries. It consisted of four phases, including analysis of local contexts […]

Temperature increase between neighboring days has a significant adverse impact on mortality

  According to the WHO , climate change is expected to cause about 250,000 additional deaths per year between 2030 and 2050. When we think about climate change, we usually think about temperature rise. However, the frequency and intensity of extreme temperatures has also increased. Studies have found that difference between daily minimum and maximum […]

Strengthening management capacity in a decentralized public health system

The World Bank has recommended decentralization of the health sector for developing countries with large National Ministries of Health. Such a process, however, also poses challenges and might have negative effects. In Philippines, decentralisation of the health sector occurred in 1991 but not without problems, as local government units  and their managers were unprepared for […]

Household crowding in Greenland: how does it affect mental health?

The health status of indigenous people is invariably lower than that of the overall population, something that led the World Health Organisation is mandated to devote special attention to the issue of their health. Poor housing conditions (including overcrowding) is a key determinant of the increase in mental health problems among such populations. In  a […]

Childhood obesity: Is ethnicity a better predictor than socioeconomic status?

According to the WHO, childhood obesity is one of the most serious Public Health challenges of the 21st century. As obesity (and its consequences like type 2 diabetes) are largely preventable, preventing it is (or should be) of high priority. In order f0r such interventions to be more effective, it is useful to study its […]

Toilet hygiene in childeren- can it be improved?

  Toilet hygiene is crucial for health, but do we do it correctly? And most importantly, do our children do it correctly? The authors of a recently published study tried to answer the latter question, as well as to assess an intervention aiming to improve toilet hygiene in schoolchildren in Turkey. This was a quasi-experimental […]

To e-smoke or not to e-smoke? Join the debate!

  To e-smoke or not to e-smoke: is that a question?   With this title our Editor in Chief, Nino Künzli, introduces and places in context two invited commentaries on e-cigarettes. Both these commentaries come from independent Public Health scientists, who express different views on the subject. Flahault and Etter explain why the think e-cigarettes […]

Exercising 2 times per week for 4 weeks: can it make you happier?

  At the International Journal of Public Health we are regularly publish papers on physical activity (some recent examples here, here and here). Our latest paper on that front looks into the effect of a fitness progam on subjective well-being. This was a 30 minute-twice per week-4 week program that consisted of 6 strength exercises. […]

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